The fine thus provided the means of making the government whole.
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A preference for forfeitures, however, in no way precludes the imposition of fines for certain offenses even in the absence of unjust enrichment. Therefore, we conclude that the military judge did not err in this case by imposing a fine on Appellant in the absence of unjust enrichment.
In this case, we need not decide the scope and extent of the plurality looling in Coker. The issue in this case is not whether Appellant can be executed for the offense of rape. The discussion accompanying R.
The Manual contemplates that fines may be adjudged where no unjust enrichment is present, because par[agraph] h 3 permits any [court-martial] to adjudge a fine instead of an authorized forfeiture where the Art[icle] lookijg authorizes punishment as a [court-martial] may direct. Wells remained the sed historian until she retired on November 1, After Wells successfully petitioned for a place on the LAPD and was sworn in on September 12,she was hired and equipped with a telephone call box key, a police rule book and first aid book, and the "Policewoman's Badge One".
Inshe was the subject of a biographical film entitled The Policewoman.
It was a floor-length dress and jacket, khaki in color. She is remembered for having "fought for the idea that women, as regular members of municipal police departments, are particularly well-qualified to perform protective and preventative work among juveniles and female criminals. Neurauter, 48 M.
Early career[ edit ] Alice was a graduate of Oberlin College and Hartford Theological Seminarywhere a study she conducted concluded there was a large need for woman officers. This is due in part because policewomen were thought to be better at defusing potentially violent situations than policemen. For example, the Manual provides that only officers could be fined. Wells in Sincelaw enforcement agencies had employed women only for the care of female prisoners.
Army ed. Rather, the question in this case focuses on whether the President established a maximum 26 Willenbring v. Wells began her career supervising skating rinks and dance halls, as well as interacting with female members of the public. Additionally, there was no loooking misunderstanding when he ed the pretrial agreement. Air Force ed.
Stebbins, No. Accordingly, the pretrial agreement is not null and void because Appellant was correctly instructed by the military judge as well as defense counsel that LWOP was an available punishment for rape.
Sixteen other cities and several foreign countries hired female police officers as a direct result of Wells' activities bywhen Wells created the International Policewomen's Association. With such a huge Sebbins reaction the mayorpolice commissionerand the Los Angeles city council had no other excuse but to let Alice become the first policewoman in the LAPD and was classified under civil service.